Category Archives: Research

Arguments over associate membership system in the Agricultural Cooperatives Act of Japan and their problems

December 1st, 2017 Norinchukin Research Institute Co., Ltd. AKEDA Tsukuru, Visiting Fellow ■Abstract From a viewpoint of the legal system, we have already brought about an end to arguments over a question of whether an agricultural cooperative is an organization of farmers for cooperation or not, since the system has provided the regular members of farmers with a right of control over management of their cooperative. Although an increase in the number of associate members may make contribution to profits of regular members who are farmers, there are not such actual conditions as the increase brings about disadvantages to them. Even supposing that the regular members suffer disadvantages from the … Continue reading

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Japan’s Agricultural Cooperatives Challenging Regional Revitalization: Aiming at Reconstruction of “Solidarity”

                                                                                                                                      August 1st, 2018 Norinchukin Research Institute Co., Ltd. YUKITOMO Wataru, Senior Fellow ■Abstract “Self-reform” of agricultural cooperatives or JAs has three goals aiming at “increase in farmer’s income”, “expansion of agricultural production”, and “revitalization of regional societies”. Out of these goals, the revitalization … Continue reading

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【Research】The Situation surrounding Japan’s wholesale markets of farm products focusing an issue of their public nature

June 22nd, 2018 Norinchukin Research Institute Co., Ltd. ICHINOSE Yuichiro, Senior Economist ■Abstract Wholesale markets in Japan have a history of nearly 100 years since the Central Wholesale Market Act was enacted in 1923. During this period, amendments of the Act were made several times, including a change to the Wholesale Market Act in 1971, to make the Act adjust to the existing state of the wholesale markets. These are considered as amendments of the existing state-ratification type, aiming at introducing flexibility into regulations on transaction methods and others. Contents of the latest amendment of the Wholesale Market Act, which was made in 2018, are mostly based on the “Recommendations … Continue reading

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【Research】Changes in Japan’s rice policies: looking back on 15 years since the Principle and Outline of Rice Policy Reform in 2002

January 1st, 2018 Norinchukin Research Institute Co., Ltd. KOBARI Miwa, Chief Researcher ■Abstract In November 2017, the Panel of Experts on Staple Food set up in the Council of Food, Agriculture and Rural Area Policies, an advisory body for the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, approved the “Basic Guidelines to Ensure the Stabilization of Supply-Demand and Price of Rice”, stating that allocation of target production volumes by the administration shall be ceased in the rice production adjustment program from the 2018 crop onward, as well as that rice producers, commercial shippers like agricultural cooperatives and related organizations shall be instead required to play a central role in promoting the … Continue reading

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【Research】Characteristics of agricultural cooperatives’ self-reform and its challenges: with a special focus on primary cooperatives’ efforts to enhance agricultural production

  February 1st, 2018 Norinchukin Research Institute Co., Ltd. SAITO Yuriko, Managing Director ■Abstract The self-reform that agricultural cooperatives or so-called JAs (Japan Agricultural Cooperatives) in Japan are urged by the government to take necessary measures to carry out are composed of (i) marketing members’ farm products under the most advantageous conditions for members, (ii) supplying members with production inputs on the most favorable terms for them, and (iii) shifting some of JA’s human resources from financial businesses to agriculture related businesses. On the other hand, the self-reform which has been put into practice by the JAs at the grass-root level, naturally aiming at achieving these targets, has a common … Continue reading

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