Category Archives: Research

【Research】Changes in Japan’s rice policies: looking back on 15 years since the Principle and Outline of Rice Policy Reform in 2002

January 1st, 2018 Norinchukin Research Institute Co., Ltd. KOBARI Miwa, Chief Researcher ■Abstract In November 2017, the Panel of Experts on Staple Food set up in the Council of Food, Agriculture and Rural Area Policies, an advisory body for the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, approved the “Basic Guidelines to Ensure the Stabilization of Supply-Demand and Price of Rice”, stating that allocation of target production volumes by the administration shall be ceased in the rice production adjustment program from the 2018 crop onward, as well as that rice producers, commercial shippers like agricultural cooperatives and related organizations shall be instead required to play a central role in promoting the … Continue reading

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【Research】Characteristics of agricultural cooperatives’ self-reform and its challenges: with a special focus on primary cooperatives’ efforts to enhance agricultural production

  February 1st, 2018 Norinchukin Research Institute Co., Ltd. SAITO Yuriko, Managing Director ■Abstract The self-reform that agricultural cooperatives or so-called JAs (Japan Agricultural Cooperatives) in Japan are urged by the government to take necessary measures to carry out are composed of (i) marketing members’ farm products under the most advantageous conditions for members, (ii) supplying members with production inputs on the most favorable terms for them, and (iii) shifting some of JA’s human resources from financial businesses to agriculture related businesses. On the other hand, the self-reform which has been put into practice by the JAs at the grass-root level, naturally aiming at achieving these targets, has a common … Continue reading

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【Research】Present state of Japanese agriculture and future prospect for agricultural structure: Detailed picture seen in 2015 Agricultural Census

September 1st, 2017 Norinchukin Research Institute Co., Ltd. Basic Research Division SHIMIZU Tetsuro, Director-General Manager ■Abstract Agricultural structure policies of Japan have been implemented until today on the basis of a fundamental policy for developing “efficient and stable agriculture management”, which was announced in a long-term vision of agricultural policy for the 21st century, named the “New Direction of Food, Agricultural and Rural Policy” of 1992 as well as in the “Food, Agriculture and Rural Areas Basic Act” enacted in 1999. The purpose of this paper is not only to reveal real conditions of Japan’s agriculture primarily by referring to results of the 2015 Census of Agriculture and Forestry, but … Continue reading

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【Research】Formation of Japan’s food security policy: Relations with food situation and evolution of agricultural policies

                                                                                                                                   August 1st, 2017 Norinchukin Research Institute Co., Ltd. HIRASAWA Akihiko, Senior Chief Economist ■Abstract Japanese people have been able to reach the current level of food consumption by increasing imports of agricultural products due to its limited farmland resources. As a result, however, Japan is … Continue reading

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【Research】Sequence of Discourse and Arguments Regarding Fishery Rights

September 10th, 2017 Norinchukin Research Institute Co., Ltd. KAMEOKA Kohei, Researcher On July 20, the Working Group on Fisheries was newly established within Japan’s Regulatory Reform Promotion Council. Going forward, the Working Group will discuss how to proceed with the deregulation of the fisheries industry. Here, I will review the development of the discourse on the deregulation of fishery rights (especially specific demarcated fishery rights), which is at the center of the debate on deregulation in the fisheries industry, up to the present. 1.Sequence of discourse on deregulation up to the present The first demand for the deregulation of the fishery rights system was made by theJapan Economic Research Institute, … Continue reading

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